Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are a common issue affecting women globally, yet the details surrounding their causes often remain shrouded in mystery for many. These bladder infections, primarily affecting the urinary system, can be uncomfortable and disruptive to daily life. To navigate UTIs effectively, the key lies in understanding what causes UTIs.

In this article, we delve into the question that lingers in the minds of many: How do you get a UTI? By unravelling the various factors and circumstances that contribute to the onset of these infections, we empower you with the knowledge to manage and prevent UTIs effectively. From lifestyle choices to biological predispositions, understanding the root causes of UTIs is the first step toward fostering a urinary system that thrives in optimal health. 

What is a UTI?

In simple terms, a urinary tract infection (UTI) occurs when bacteria, uninvited and often from your own body, decide to set up shop in your urinary tract. Think of it as an uninvited guest causing chaos in an otherwise smoothly functioning system.

Understanding the Landscape: Your Urinary Tract

Visualise your urinary system as a network of highways connecting your kidneys, bladder, and more. A UTI happens when bacteria, typically from your skin or faecal matter, make their way into the entrance—the urethra—and proceed to create complications.

Recognising UTI Signs: Your Body’s Alerts

Your body is adept at signalling distress. When a UTI occurs, it sends out indicators. You might notice UTI symptoms, such as a burning sensation during urination, an increased urge to pee, or discomfort in your lower abdomen. These are signals prompting you to pay attention.

Why is it Relevant?

Addressing a UTI promptly is vital. Neglecting it is akin to allowing an intruder to wreak havoc without repercussions. If left untreated, a UTI can ascend to your kidneys, leading to more serious complications. Kidney infections are not to be taken lightly and can result in severe discomfort.

Understanding UTIs is essential because early detection allows for timely intervention, preventing further complications. So, if your body sends out distress signals, it’s important to address them promptly and maintain the health of your urinary tract.

urinary tract infection uti, urinary system, uti symptoms

Symptoms of a UTI

Recognising the symptoms of a UTI is key for prompt diagnosis and treatment. UTIs can affect different parts of the urinary tract, leading to a range of symptoms. Here are the common signs to be aware of:

  • Pain or Burning Sensation When Peeing: One of the hallmark symptoms of a UTI is a discomfort or burning sensation when you urinate. This is often due to irritation in the urethra or bladder.

  • Frequent Urination: If you need to visit the bathroom more often than usual and only pass small amounts of urine, it could be a sign of a UTI. The urge to urinate may be persistent and disruptive.

  • Urgency to Urinate: Feeling a strong and urgent need to urinate, even if your bladder is not full, is a common symptom. This sensation may be accompanied by the inability to delay urination.

  • Cloudy or Strong-Smelling Urine: Changes in the appearance or odour of urine can indicate a UTI. Cloudy urine or a particularly strong or unpleasant smell may be present.

  • Lower Abdominal Discomfort or Pressure: Some individuals with UTIs experience a general discomfort or pressure in the lower abdomen. This can be a vague, persistent ache or a more pronounced sensation.

  • Fatigue or Weakness: Systemic symptoms, such as fatigue or weakness, may accompany a UTI, especially if the infection has spread to the kidneys. In more severe cases, you might also experience fever and chills.

  • Discomfort or Pain in the Pelvic Region: Pain or tenderness in the pelvic area, sometimes radiating to the back, may indicate a more advanced UTI affecting the kidneys.

It’s essential to note that symptoms can vary from person to person, and not everyone with a UTI will experience all of these signs. Additionally, individuals with diabetes, the elderly, and pregnant women may exhibit atypical symptoms.

If you suspect a UTI based on these symptoms, consult a healthcare professional for diagnosis and UTI treatment. UTIs typically respond well to antibiotics, but early intervention is key to preventing complications or the condition worsening into something like a kidney infection.

urinary tract infections, kidney infection, urinary incontinence

What Are The Main Causes of a UTI?

Urinary Tract Infections are typically caused by the invasion of bacteria into the urinary system. The primary causes of UTIs are bacteria from the digestive tract, mainly Escherichia coli (E. coli bacteria). Here’s a breakdown of the main causes:

Bacterial Intrusion

The most common cause of UTIs is the entry of bacteria, especially E. coli, into the urethra. These bacteria can travel upward into the bladder and sometimes reach the kidneys. This invasion is often facilitated by improper wiping after using the toilet, sexual activity, or other factors that introduce bacteria to the urethral area.

Structural Issues

Anatomical factors can contribute to UTIs. Conditions such as kidney stones or an enlarged prostate may obstruct the normal urine flow, providing a breeding ground for bacteria.

Suppressed Immune System

A weakened immune system can make the body more susceptible to infections, including UTIs. Conditions such as diabetes, HIV/AIDS, or undergoing chemotherapy can compromise the immune system’s ability to fend off bacterial invaders.

Catheter Use

Using urinary catheters, which are tubes inserted into the bladder to drain urine, can increase the risk of UTIs. Bacteria may enter the urinary tract during catheter insertion or through the catheter itself.

Sexual Activity

For women, sexual activity can introduce bacteria into the urethra, increasing the likelihood of bladder infections. However, it’s essential to note that UTIs are not exclusively linked to sexual activity and can occur in individuals who are not sexually active. Peeing after sex can reduce the risk of getting a UTI.


Postmenopausal women may experience changes in the urinary tract, such as a decrease in oestrogen levels, which can contribute to an increased risk of UTIs.

Urinary Tract Abnormalities

Congenital or acquired abnormalities in the urinary tract can create conditions conducive to UTIs. These abnormalities may interfere with the normal expulsion of urine or provide hiding places for bacteria.

Why Did I Start Getting UTIs?

Various factors can influence the sudden onset of urinary tract infections. One common reason you may start getting UTIs is the entry of bacteria into the urinary tract. For many women, the shorter length of the urethra makes it easier for bacteria to travel from the perianal area to the bladder, leading to an increased risk of infection.

Activities like improper wiping after using the toilet or sexual intercourse can introduce these bacteria. Changes in hormonal levels, especially during menopause, can also make women more vulnerable to UTIs. Conditions like diabetes, urinary tract abnormalities, or suppressed immune systems can further contribute to the likelihood of experiencing UTIs. Identifying the specific factors contributing to UTIs is crucial, and consulting with a healthcare professional can help determine the underlying causes and guide effective strategies to prevent UTIs.

urinary tract infection, urinary system, e coli bacteria

How Do You Get Rid of a UTI ASAP?

If you suspect a urinary tract infection, seeking prompt medical attention is the first step. Thankfully, online healthcare services like Youly offer a convenient avenue for UTI diagnosis and treatment. Using telehealth platforms allows you to consult with healthcare professionals remotely, discussing symptoms and medical history from the comfort of your home.

Following a telehealth consultation, if deemed necessary, a prescription can be provided, and UTI medication can be delivered directly to your door. However, it’s imperative to emphasise that self-diagnosis and treatment without professional guidance are discouraged. Always consult a healthcare professional to ensure accurate UTI diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Can you get antibiotics for UTI without seeing a doctor? Find out here!

Home Remedies for UTIs

While home remedies may provide some relief from the symptoms of urinary tract infections, they are not a substitute for professional medical treatment.

Drinking plenty of water is a commonly recommended practice to help flush out bacteria from the urinary tract. Some individuals find cranberry juice or supplements beneficial, as they may contain compounds that prevent bacteria from adhering to the urinary tract walls. Maintaining good personal hygiene, wearing loose-fitting clothing, and avoiding irritants like harsh soaps in the genital area may also contribute to a more comfortable recovery.

It is essential to note that these home remedies should complement, not replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. UTIs can lead to serious complications if not properly treated with antibiotics, making it vital to seek professional medical advice for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Medical Treatment for UTIs

Medical treatment for urinary tract infections typically involves a course of antibiotics prescribed by a healthcare professional (can you get antibiotics for a UTI without seeing a doctor?).

The specific antibiotic and treatment duration depend on the infection’s severity and the type of bacteria causing it. It’s important to complete the entire antibiotic course, even if symptoms improve before completion, to ensure the complete eradication of the infection and prevent UTIs in the future.

In addition to antibiotics, pain relievers may be recommended to manage discomfort and reduce fever. For recurrent UTIs or more severe cases, healthcare providers may conduct further diagnostic tests to identify underlying causes and tailor treatment accordingly. Prompt medical attention is essential to prevent the infection from spreading to the kidneys or causing other complications, emphasising the importance of consulting a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and targeted treatment.

urinary tract infection uti, urinary system, treat utis

Complications and Recurrent UTIs

Complications associated with urinary tract infections can arise if the infection is not promptly and adequately treated. If left untreated, a bladder infection, which is a common type of UTI, can progress to more severe conditions, potentially affecting the kidneys. Kidney infections, in particular, can lead to serious complications, including kidney damage and systemic infections.

Individuals with underlying health conditions such as diabetes and digestive and kidney diseases may be at a higher risk of developing complications from UTIs. Additionally, recurrent UTIs can pose long-term challenges, impacting overall well-being and quality of life. Find out why you keep getting UTIs.

To prevent urinary tract infections and reduce the risk of complications, maintaining good hygiene practices, staying hydrated, and promptly seeking medical attention for symptoms are crucial steps. Individuals should also be mindful of any underlying health conditions that may predispose them to UTIs, as addressing these factors can contribute to effective prevention strategies and overall urinary tract health.